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Got a Bed Bug Infestation?

Bed bugs are a serious concern and are classified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) as a public health hazard. They do not, however, carry diseases, and not even in laboratory experiments have they been proven to transmit diseases to a host.

These pests can be a serious concern in the Long Island area, so don't delay an inspection to identify bed bugs, infested items, and begin bed bug treatment with a professional pest control company. If bitten at night in an infested room and experience a rare allergic reaction, consult a doctor immediately for emergency medical attention.

There is good news: There are things you can do to find and prevent an infestation in your home or business.

Know Your Enemy, Destroy Your Enemy

Bed bugs are blood parasites, which means these vampiric pests only imbibe blood, and these feed entirely on warm-blooded mammals, including humans. Two species common to North America, Cimex lectularius and Cimex Hemipterus, are the main causes of infestations in public transportation, residential areas, and business locations.

    The Cleanliness Rumor

An infestation is not an indication of home cleanliness, filthy or immaculate, because these vampires are not attracted to grime but human blood. Although nocturnal, they may appear during the day, and nighttime lighting doesn't deter them, either. Don't worry, though, because a regular homeowner is unlikely to spot one wandering around during the day, or even at night; in fact, bed bugs can be in a home for a long time, and the person who lives there may not see them.


Around the 1950s, bed bugs almost vanished from the United States because of the use of the powerful and dangerous pesticide DDT. Because of their absence during the subsequent decades, knowledge of what bed bugs were and how to eradicate them slipped through the cracks of commercial pest control, and now they have made a solid comeback throughout coastal regions, including your home in the Long Island area.

    Misidentification Warning

Commonly misidentified as other insects, including ticks, mites, small cockroaches, or some species of beetles, bed bugs may be difficult to treat without proper diagnosis, and misidentification will only prolong the problem. Pest professionals are often the highest qualified to identify and manage any infestation. Because of the bed bug's resilience to hardship and its resistance to DDT, only commercial grade treatments are effective extermination methods.

    Identification Details

  • Some describe the bed bug as similar in appearance to a tick, though its size, shape, and color changes depending on how recently it has fed
  • Appearance when Unfed: Flat, oval-shaped, tan, brown, or light brown
  • Appearance when Fed: Balloon-shaped, with a reddish-brown color
  • Six legs, ribbed abdomen, tiny antennae
    • Life Facts

  • Some can live up to a year or more
  • Eggs hatch within two weeks
  • Bed bugs live through 6 life cycles and must feed at least once and molt its exoskeleton prior to each stage of the cycle. They may feed on multiple occasions before molting into the next stage
  • Females lay as many as three eggs per day and many hundreds, up to 500 or more, throughout her lifetime
  • These creatures can survive for up to a month without feeding, an uncommon ability among insects
    • Everyday Life

  • They can travel up to 20 feet to feed on a host, and their harborages are usually nearby
  • They aren't confined to coming out at night and sometimes appear during the day when hungry
  • They can feed for 3-12 minutes
  • Although a gross detail, identification purposes need to know that they defecate the remainder of their last meal during 1 out of 5 of their feeding sessions
  • Without feeding, nymphs can survive for as long as a month or more, depending on conditions, but adults can up to a year without a blood meal, which is extremely uncommon for insectsli>
  • Temperatures above 113 degrees Fahrenheit will kill a bed bug, which is one useful fact for some treatment methods, and as long as they feed every now and then, they can live anywhere between 45 and 112 degrees
  • How to Find a Bed bug Infestation

    Bug bites on the body aren't good diagnostics for identification because they can look so similar to other kinds of insects; in fact, bites are most useful as a way to determine whether a treatment plan is working, but even then it's much less reliable than the following bed bug signatures.

    If you find these signs in a hotel or other lodging location you visit, do not sleep there and ask to move to a different room or choose another facility altogether. Check for these signs in the hiding places listed before you deposit your luggage.


          Look For These Signs

  • Discarded Exoskeletons

      These can look like hollow or whitish bugs, or they can look similar to crumbs

  • Poop

      This looks like little black dots a little larger than a period, or like little spots of black pepper

  • Egg cases

      After they are laid, the sticky coat around an eggshell makes it hard to move, but after the egg hatches, the casing dries and flakes off, looking like little crumbs

  • Bedsheet Bloodstains

      This isn't enough evidence for diagnosis, but bed bugs will leave red bloodstains on the sheets, especially after defecating the remains of their last blood meal


          Hiding Places to Look

  • Seams, cracks, and joints of furniture, chairs, couches
  • Cushions on couches or chairs, mattresses, and box springs
  • Folds in Curtains
  • Drawer joints and drawer runners
  • Seams, gaps, cracks and crevices on bureaus, bookshelves, wardrobes, armoires, and dressers
  • Seams of mattresses, box springs, and bed frames are seams the most common places to find evidence
  • The junction where the carpet and the baseboards meet, and where walls meet the ceiling
        • ———————————

    Household Bed Bug Control

    Diatomaceous earth controls bed bugs tolerably well, but be sure to spread it in thin coats, and never put it in a place where a child or pet could come across it. Some pest companies also offer heat treatments.

    • Tear-resistant mattress covers made to keep bed bugs away and keep them in good repair, which will control hiding spots on the bed so you can find them easily on the bed
    • If you clean the house, it will keep bed bugs from their hiding spots, but keep in mind that a dirty home doesn't cause bed bugs
    • Vacuum every day to pick them off if they come out and clean up their poop and molts which, if left out, can cause allergens to be let out in the air; also, the sound of the vacuum frightens the bed bugs and makes them use more energy to move from place to place
    • Wash and dry your clothes on high heat for at least 30 minutes and use hot water if possible, transport your clothes in plastic bags and keep them out of the room where bed bugs are known to hide
    • For those who live in apartments with neighbors who share a story or a wall, do your best to prevent bed bugs from entering, check each item that comes through the door, and install door sweeps and weather strips where you can.
    • There are over-the-counter insecticides and bug bombs to help manage bed bugs, but because of their extreme resistance, we don't recommend that you use them; instead, look for a pest company for help.

    Professional Bed Bug Management | Fox Pest Control

    If you don't know where to start to get rid of bed bugs, our Pest Pro Technicians are licensed and experienced in eliminating bed bugs, ants, fleas, and other tough pests, so check out our products and call now. If you call by 2 pm, you could get a Pest Pro who has seen the same case in other homes and will take the time to show you what he looks for when inspecting, so call now.

    Posted on December 13, 2019.

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